25.5.3 Rules - General Standards

​​​​​​​25.5.3.1 Landscaping

​a) Landscaping shal​​l be undertaken in accordance with the following standards.​

​ ​
​Where required
Standard
Planting and buffer strips, internal planting, and planting areas are minimums
Fence and wall heights are maximums
Reason
​i.
Activities adjacent to a major arterial transport corridor in all ​zones except the Central City Zone, all Residential and Special Character Zones, and Future Urban Zone
A 2m wide planting strip shall be required along any boundary adjacent to a major arterial transport corridor
Amenity
​ii.
Activities in the Industrial Zone
A 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a 2m wide buffer strip shall be required along any side or rear boundary with a Residential or Special Character Zone
And
  • A 2m wide planting strip, or
  • A 1.2m or 1.8m permeable fence and 2m wide planting strip
shall be required along any boundary adjoining an Open Space Zone or transport corridor
Screening and amenity
​iii.
Activities in the Community Facilities and Knowledge Zones
A 2m wide planting strip shall be required along the boundary of a site adjacent to any Residential, Special Character or Open Space Zone, and
When adjoining a transport corridor, a 30% planting area for the front setback adjoining the transport corridor shall be required
(An exclusion applies to the ECMT railway and private roads within the Knowledge Zone)
Amenity
​iv.
Activities in the Business 1 to 7 Zone
A 2m wide planting strip shall be required along the boundary of a site adjacent to, or facing, any Residential or Special Character Zone
Amenity
​v.
Activities in the Ruakura Industrial Park Zone
A 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a 2m wide buffer strip shall be required along any side or rear boundary with a Residential or the Knowledge Zone
And
  • A 2m wide planting strip, or
  • A 1.2m or 1.8m permeable fence and 2m wide planting strip
shall be required along any boundary adjoining an Open Space Zone or transport corridor
Screening and amenity
​vi.
Activities in the Industrial Zone Amenity Protection Area
Where a site is wholly or partially within the Amenity Protection Area, a 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a 5m wide buffer strip shall be required along any side or rear boundary with a Residential or Special Character Zone
Screening
 
​vii.
Drive-through services adjacent to a Residential or Special Character Zone
A 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, shall be required along any side or rear boundary with a Residential or Special Character Zone, and
a 2m planting strip shall be required along any front boundary facing any Residential or Special Character Zone
Screening
​viii.
Ground-level parking spaces, loading spaces and vehicle storage areas adjacent to a transport corridor in all Zones (except Residential, Special Character and Future Urban Zones)
Where ground-level parking, loading spaces and vehicle storage areas are provided within 5m of a boundary of a transport corridor, a 2m wide planting strip shall be required between that area and the transport corridor boundary
Amenity
 
 
​ix.
External ground-level parking spaces in all Zones
Parking areas of more than 10 parking spaces shall be landscaped with tree planting and ground cover planting at a rate consistent with Rule 25.5.3.7
Note
This is in addition to Rule 25.5.3.1(a)x below
Amenity
​x.
Ground-level parking spaces in all Zones
Parking areas of five or more parking spaces shall have:
  • A 1.2m or 1.8m permeable fence, or
  • A 2m wide planting strip
between the parking area and the boundary with any Open Space Zone
And
  • A 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a minimum 1m wide buffer strip, or
  • A 2m wide buffer strip
when along the site boundary, between the parking spaces and any Residential or Special Character Zone
Screening
​xi.
Service areas in all Zones
Where service areas are visible from a transport corridor, any other public space, Residential or Special Character Zones they shall be screened from view with:
  • A 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a minimum 1m wide buffer strip, or
  • A 2m buffer strip
Screening and amenity
​xii.
Outdoor storage areas in all Zones
Where outdoor storage areas are visible from a transport corridor, any other public space, Residential or Special Character Zone they shall be screened from view with:
  • 1.8m high close-boarded or similar solid fence or wall, and a minimum 1m wide buffer strip, or
  • A 2m buffer strip
Screening and amenity
​xiii.
Activities in the Ruakura Logistics Zone
Where fencing is required to meet specialised security needs (e.g. Ministry of Agricultural quarantine specifications) a 6m high permeable fence may be used, provided that a 10m planting or buffer strip shall be provided along boundaries with any transport corridor or Open Space Zone.
  • A 2m wide planting strip, or
  • A 1.2m or 1.8m permeable fence and 2m wide planting strip
shall be required along any boundary adjoining an Open Space Zone or transport corridor
Screening
​xiv.Activities in the Crawford Street Freight Village​Where fencing is required to meet specialised security needs (e.g. Ministry of Agricultural quarantine specifications) a 6m high permeable fence may be used, provided that a 10m planting or buffer strip shall be provided along boundaries with any transport corridor or Open Space Zone.

•  A 2m wide planting strip, or
•  A 1.2m or 1.8m permeable fence and 2m wide planting strip

shall be required along any boundary adjoining an Open Space Zone or transport corridor
​Screening
 
b) All planting shall be implemented within the first planting season after any buildings and other site works are completed.​
c) Planting strips, buffer strips and planting areas shall not be: ​
i.​ Required on​ that part of any boundary required for pedestrian or vehicle access to the site.​
ii.​ Required within an approach sight distance triangle as outlined in Rule 25.14.4.4.​
iii.​ Used for outdoor storage, parking or vehicle manoeuvring.​
d)​ Where a buffer strip or planting strip is to be located within 5m of the carriageway of an arterial transport corridor with a posted speed limit greater than 70 kilometres per hour all vegetation within the strip shall be frangible.​
e)​ All fences and planting required by 25.5.3.1(a) shall be maintained in a manner to ensure ongoing compliance with relevant standards in this chapter. This will require regular care of planted areas, the timely repair or replacement of damaged fences, and the replacement of dead, dying or diseased planting.​

Note

1. Guidance on selecting plant species appropriate to the site conditions is available from Council.
2. Particular care needs to be taken in selecting and locating specimen trees for planting, for example tree species which tend towards an expansive root system are an inappropriate choice for planting near underground network utilities. Guidance should be sought on appropriate species and local site constraints to ensure that the tree suits the site and any constraints.
3. 25.5.3 does not apply to small utility buildings/cabinets not exceeding 10m2/3m high, and network utility support poles and antennas.

25.5.3.2 All Fences and Walls

a) Any fence or wall adjoining a buffer or planting strip shall be located so that the buffer or planting strip is between ​​the fence and the external site boundary, and shall be designed to enable access to plantings for maintenance purposes.​

25.5.3.3 Permeable Fences

a)​ The following design and dimensions shall apply to permeable fences. ​
Design requirements
When the height of the fence or wall is:
i. Designe​​d/constructed for less than 50% see-through visibility (e.g. close paling, masonry, or other opaque material)
1.2m
ii. Materials with 50% or more see-through visibility, or
1.8m
 
iii.  Designed/constructed for less than 50% see-through visibility (e.g. close paling, masonry, or other opaque material) for the bottom 0.9m of the fence
Materials with 50% or more see-through visibility for the top 0.9m of the fence
iv. Materials with 50% or more see-through visibility
6m (Ruakura Logistics Zone only, see Rule 25.5.3.1(a)xiii

Note

1. Refer to Figure 25.5.3a for examples of acceptable and unacceptable fencing solutions.
2. Glass, metal bars or louvres are acceptable fence designs to achieve minimum 50% see-through visibility.

25.5.3.4 Buffer Strips

a) Buffer strips shall ​be of a permeable nature for stormwater purposes.​
b)​ Buffer strips shall consist of shrub or hedge planting (hedges are recommended where buffer strip widths are less than 2m) selected and maintained in a manner to ensure a mature height of at least 1.8m and shall be at least 0.5m in height at the time of planting.​
c)​ Shrub or hedge planting shall be selected, located, provided at a density, and maintained in a manner to ensure that, when mature, a visually impermeable screen of planting is achieved (refer Figure 25.5.3b): ​
i.​ Along the length of the buffer strip, and ​
ii.​ To a height of at least 1.8m.​
d)​ Buffer strips shall include specimen trees at the following minimum rates:
Length of the buffer strip​ Number of specimen trees​
Up to 10m​ 1​
For each additional 10m or part thereof​ An additional 1​
 Except where frangible vegetation is required by Rule 25.5.3.1(d), in which case frangible trees shall be required instead of specimen trees.​
e)​ Trees required by 25.5.3.4(d) shall be selected to ensure they are capable of growing to a mature height of more than 4m and shall be at least 1.8m in height at the time of planting.​
f)​ Where two or more trees are required by 25.5.3.4(d) they shall be spaced along the length of the buffer strip to ensure they are no more than 15m or less than 5m apart (refer Figure 25.5.3c).​

25.5.3.5 Planting Strips

a) Planting strips shall be of a permeable nature for stormwater purposes.
b)​ Plant​ing strips shall consist of a combination of groundcover and shrub planting, with shrub planting selected to ensure they are capable of achieving a maximum mature height of 0.8m, and are least 0.4m in height at the time of planting.
c)​ Groundcover and shrub planting shall be maintained to ensure they do not exceed a height of 0.8m (refer Figure 25.5.3d).
d)​ Groundcover and shrub planting shall be selected, located and provided at a density to ensure that a minimum of 50% of the surface of the planting strip is covered from the time of planting.​
e)​ Planting strips shall include specimen trees at the following minimum rates.
Length of the planting strip Number of specimen trees​
Up to 10m​ 1​
For each additional 10m or part thereof​ An additional 1​
Except where frangible vegetation is required by Rule 25.5.3.1(d), in which case frangible trees shall be required instead of specimen trees.​
f)​ Trees required by 25.5.3.5(e) shall be selected to ensure they are capable of growing to a mature height of more than 4m and shall be at least 1.8m in height at the time of planting.
g)​ Where two or more trees are required by 25.5.3.5(e) they shall be spaced along the length of the strip to ensure they are no more than 15m, or less than 5m apart (refer Figure 25.5.3c).
h)​ All trees shall be maintained to ensure that a clear distance of 2m is achieved between ground level and the tree canopy (refer Figure 25.5.3d). This standard shall not apply until a specimen tree reaches at least 4m high.​
i)​ Trees within the planting strip shall be selected, located and maintained in a manner so as not to:​
i.​ Create traffic safety problems by obscuring visibility for road users or train drivers.​
ii.​ Obstruct traffic, official road, or hazard signage.​
iii.​ Interfere with transport infrastructure or network utilities.​

25.5.3.6 Planting Area

​a) Where a planting area is required, the area shall:​
i.​ Be of a perm​​eable nature for stormwater purposes.​
ii.​ Consist of a combination of groundcovers and shrubs or hedges.​
iii.​ Include specimen trees at the following minimum rates:
Length of front boundary Number of specimen trees​
Up to 10m​ 1​
For each additional 10m or part thereof​ An additional 1​
iv.​ Be located in the front setback between the non-residential activity and the adjoining transport corridor boundary.​
v.​ Include groundcover, shrub or hedge planting that has been selected, located and provided at a density to ensure that a minimum of 30% of the area of the front setback requirement of the relevant zone is covered from the time of planting.​

25.5.3.7 Internal Planting

a) Inte​​rnal planting ​shall be located within the sealed area to break up the impermeable expanse of paving and hard surfaces while ensuring pedestrian and vehicle safety. For large areas this will require the internal planting requirements to be split into more than one location.
b) Internal planting shall consist of a combination of groundcovers and shrubs.
c) Internal planting shall include specimen trees at the following minimum rates:
Number of parking spaces Number of specimen trees​
Up to 20 1
For each additional 5 spaces or part thereof​ An additional 1​​
d)​ Groundcover and shrub planting shall be selected, located and provided at a density to ensure that a minimum of 50% of the surface of the internal planting area is covered from the time of planting (refer Figure 25.5.3e).
e)​ Shrub planting shall be selected to ensure it is capable of growing to a mature height of at least 0.5m and shall be at least 0.3m in height at the time of planting.
f)​ Trees required by 25.5.3.7(c) shall be selected to ensure they are capable of growing to a mature height of more than 4m and shall be at least 1.8m in height at the time of planting.
g)​  Trees shall be located within a planting space free from impermeable surfaces with a minimum dimension or diameter of 1.5m diameter.
h) All planting shall be protected from potential pedestrian and vehicle damage.

Note
1. Suitable means of compliance includes providing formalised pedestrian crossing points, ensuring plant selection and layout does not make crossing difficult, low fencing, or wheel stops (refer Figure 25.5.3f).
2.  For larger external ground-level parking spaces in all zones (more than 20 parking spaces) any assessment of landscaping proposals should consider the total site area including landscaping and trees to be planted within planting and/or buffer strips.
 

Figure 25.5.3a: Examples of acceptable fencing or wall solutions.

Diagram showing examples of acceptable fencing or wall solutions

Figure 25.5.3b: Examples of shrub or hedge planting to achieve a visually impermeable screen

Diagram illustrating examples of shrub or hedge planting to achieve a visually impermeable screen
 

Figure 25.5.3c: Examples of achieving specimen tree spacing

Illustrating of speciman tree spacing

Figure 25.5.3d: Example of well-maintained groundcover

Illustration of well maintained groundcover

Figure 25.5.3e: Example of achieving ground coverage

Illustration of bad ground coverage

Illustration of good ground coverage

Figure 25.5.3f: Example of methods to protect trees from pedestrian or vehicle damage 

Illustration of methods to protect trees from pedestrian or vehicle damage

Page reviewed: 01 Feb 2017 2:40pm