25.7.2 Objectives and Policies: Network Utilities and the Electricity National Grid Corridor
These objectives and policies apply to all zones, and need to be read alongside the Regional Policy Statement and relevant national policy statements, including the National Policy Statement on Electricity Transmission, National Policy Statement on Telecommunications and the National Policy Statement on Renewable Electricity Generation.
The importance of network utilities to support the development and functioning of Hamilton is recognised.
The positive effects and importance of network utilities, including the Electricity National Grid Corridor, for the social and economic wellbeing of Waikato region and Hamilton shall be recognised.
The operation, maintenance and upgrading of and access to existing network utilities shall not be adversely affected by subdivision, land use and development.
Subdivision, use and development in the Electricity National Grid Corridor shall not adversely affect the safe and efficient operation, maintenance of and access to the electricity transmission network.
Sensitive Land Uses including schools, childcare facilities, residential buildings or hospitals, shall not establish close to high-voltage electricity transmission lines.
The alteration or extension of existing development already within the Electricity National Grid Corridor shall be provided for where it does not compromise the electricity transmission network.
Reverse-sensitivity effects shall be avoided.
Network utility infrastructure shall be deployed in conjunction with land development.
All development shall be adequately serviced by network utilities including Three Waters, gas, electricity and telecommunications.
New network utilities shall have adequate capacity to support the potential scale and timing of development to be served.
Broadband infrastructure shall be established and operated throughout the City.
Network utilities (excluding renewable electricity generation activities) are located, designed and operated to avoid, remedy or mitigate adverse effects on amenity and the surrounding environment.
Network utilities shall be designed, located, installed, operated and maintained to:
||Minimise the potential discharge of contaminants to the environment.|
||To the extent practicable avoid potential adverse effects on the health, safety and wellbeing of people and communities.|
||Minimise effects on the scale and character of surrounding land uses.|
||Minimise adverse visual effects as far as practicable through design and location, landscaping and screening.|
||Be placed underground where practicable, excluding stormwater.|
||Allow for the provision and efficient operation of other network utilities.|
||Co-locate or co-site where possible.|
||Minimise adverse effects to adjacent properties.|
Network utilities that generate electromagnetic or radio frequency fields shall comply with national and international standards as specified in the relevant National Environmental Standard.
Network utility structures are to be in accordance with all relevant National Environmental Standards.
To the extent practicable network utility structures should not be located within areas of high amenity values listed in Volume 2, Appendix 13: Areas with Historic Heritage Values or Visual Amenity Values.
Increased use and development of renewable energy resources.
The positive effects of using and developing renewable energy resources, for the environment and economic and social wellbeing, shall be recognised.
The renewable energy resources of Hamilton (including geothermal, hydro, biomass, solar and wind) shall be recognised and encouraged for their potential contribution to national and local energy production.
Investigation, identification and assessment of potential sites and energy sources for renewable electricity generation shall be encouraged.
Renewable electricity generation activities shall be designed, located, installed, operated and maintained to:
||Minimise the potential adverse effects to the environment.|
||Avoid, reduce or displace greenhouse gas emissions.|
||Maximise the use of the renewable energy resource.|
||Offset any adverse residual environmental effects with measures or environmental compensation which benefit the local environment and community affected.|
The development and use of small and community-scale distributed renewable electricity generation shall be encouraged, subject to:
||Acceptable effects on amenity values, especially from noise, visual impacts on neighbourhoods, air emissions, glare and lighting, flicker effects on natural light, steam and odour.|
||Acceptable effects on water bodies, landscapes and significant natural areas.|
||An assured standard of long-term maintenance of sites and equipment.|
Efficient operation, maintenance and upgrade of the existing electricity transmission network and to enable the establishment of new electricity transmission resources.
The national, regional and local benefits of sustainable, secure and efficient electricity transmission shall be recognised.
The effective operation, maintenance, upgrading and development of the electricity transmission network shall be supported.
The technical and operational requirements of the network shall be considered.
Adverse effects of new transmission infrastructure or major upgrades of existing transmission infrastructure shall be addressed by the route, site and method selection.
The reasonable operational, maintenance and minor upgrade requirements of established electricity transmission assets shall be recognised.
Substantial upgrades of transmission infrastructure shall be used as an opportunity to reduce existing adverse effects of transmission.
Where practicable, new transmission infrastructure should be avoided in urban environments, areas of high recreational value or amenity, and adjoining sensitive land use.
New transmission networks shall in preference be established using the designation process for efficient long-term development, operation and maintenance of electricity transmission infrastructure.
Amateur Radio Configurations are provided for where they do not have a significant adverse effect on visual amenity and residential character.
Amateur Radio Configurations are designed, constructed and located to minimise adverse effects on existing or anticipated residential character and amenity of adjoining properties or the surrounding neighbourhood.
This objective and policy provides for Amateur Radio Configurations in the General Residential Zone and Future Urban Zone. Providing for the activity of Amateur Radio configuration is important given the role they play in emergency response and international telecommunication. However, this requires balancing between providing for Amateur Radio and protecting the community and environment from significant adverse effects on amenity values.