Sacramento is one of the most historic cities in California, and is also the states capital city. It is located on the western seaboard of the United States of America and has a population of over 485,000, making it the sixth largest city in California.
Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr., his son John Augustus Sutter, Jr., and James W. Marshall. Sacramento began as a city rich from gold and railroad money. During the California Gold Rush, Sacramento was a major distribution point, a commercial and agricultural center, and a terminus for wagon trains, stagecoaches, riverboats, the telegraph, the Pony Express, and the First Transcontinental Railroad. Productive mines still operate in the area, and the city remains an important transportation centre.
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