​1.4.3 Medium-Density Residential Design Guidelines Purpose

These design guidelines are developed to assist groups, professionals, and Council to prepare and assess resource consent applications for medium-density residential development. How to Use the Design Guidelines

These guidelines form part of the assessment criteria for Comprehensive Development Plans along with applications for development occurring after the implementation of the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP). A resource consent application is required for each area.

The guidelines have been incorporated as assessment criteria rather than performance standards as they are more of a guide than an absolute standard that must be adhered to. Refer to Chapter 1 – Plan Overview, Section 1.1.4f iii Design Guides.

There are two steps to consider when preparing a CDP. Firstly, there are a number of specific design guidelines which outline basic bulk and location requirements. Secondly, the application should be assessed against the urban design principles outlined in the Design Guide. Site Coverage

a) Site covera​​ge
Up to 50% Permeable Surfaces

a) Net site perm​eability
At least 20% of the net site area. The front yard requirements are to be included in this percentage.
b) Front sites only: Permeability forward of the building line of the dwelling planted in grass, shrubs and trees
At least 50% Building Height

a) He​ight of buildings
Up to ​12.5m Building Setbacks

B​uilding setback from
Minimum distance
a) Transport corridor boundary – local and collector transport corridors
b) Transport corridor boundary – arterial transport corridors
Except that any garage or carport facing the transport corridor should​ be set back a minimum of 8m
c) Waikato Expressway (Designation E90 and E90a)
i. 35m from the designation boundary, or
ii. 40m from the actual carriageway edge of the Waikato Expressway if:
1. The location of the carriageway within the designation corridor of the Waikato Expressway has been confirmed in writing by the Requiring Authority, or
2. Construction is underway or completed.
d) Boundary of a Comprehensive Development Area or zone boundary
1.5m Water Management

a) Rainwater​ storage devices for the supply of non-potable water for outdoor use and indoor toilets , and for the purpose of stormwater soakage or detention, should be provided. Interface Between Public and Private

a) The front wall of all accessory buildings that are detached (including carports and garages) and an integral part of the design and construction of the dwelling, should be: 

i. Located no further forward of the front building line of the dwelling than 0.5m if the garage door is to face the street;

ii. Located forward of the front line of the dwelling (but not encroaching into the front setback) by no more than 8m if the garage door is 90 degrees to the street;

b) At least one principal room should have a clear-glazed window facing the street. For corner sites and sites with two transport corridor frontages, this is required only on the transport corridor frontage from which vehicular access is provided. Fences

a) All fences should have a maximum height of 1.8m except for those adjoining an open space zone (refer to 15.4.6). Residential Buildings – Separation and Privacy

a) Residential buildings should maintain an appropriate set back from the nearest part of any other residential building, except:

i. No separation is required between buildings that are attached.

ii. Where windows are located and designed (including by glazing) to avoid views between rooms in different buildings, the separation distance could be reduced.

b) To ensure privacy, any balcony at upper-floor level should be appropriately set back from adjacent residential buildings. This does not apply along a transport corridor, access way, right-of-way, private way, access lot, or entrance strip less than 6m wide. Outdoor Living Area

a) Each residential unit, except for when a communal area is provided, ​should be provided with an outdoor living area that is:

i. For the exclusive use of each residential unit.

ii. Readily accessible from a living area inside the residential unit.

iii. Free of driveways, manoeuvring areas, parking spaces, accessory buildings and service areas.

iv. Located on a side of the residential unit which faces north, east or west.

b) Outdoor living areas for residential units to have areas and dimensions as follows.

Residen​tial units
Outdoor living area per residential unit
i. Single dwellings, duplex dwellings and dwellings in comprehensive residential developments
Capable of containing a 6m-diameter circle
ii. Ancillary residential units
No dimension less than 2.5m
iii. Apartments
No dimension less than 2.5m

c) The outdoor living area for an ancillary residential unit should be separate from the outdoor living area provided for the principal residential unit.

1. Any communal open space is optional and is additional to the above provisions. Service Areas

Minimum requirements
a) Single dwellings, duplex dwellings and dwellings in compr​ehensive residential developments
Minimum dimension 3m
b) Service area per ancillary residential unit
Additional 10m2
Minimum dimension 2.5m
c) Apartments
Minimum dimension 2.5m
d) All service areas
Readily accessible from each residential unit
Not visible from a public place

Page reviewed: 22 Aug 2017 11:58am