​1.4.9 Temple View Zone Urban Design Guide

1.4.9.1 Purpose of the Guide

The purpose of this guide is to give direction for further development in the Temple View area and assist in understanding the rationale behind the development of the  five precincts and how they relate to the valued qualities and character of the Temple View Zone. It highlights urban issues that are specific to t​he Temple View Zone while ass​uming that general best practice urban design will be applied for any development. This will assist in ensuring that any development is consistent with the Zone and enhances the wider Temple View community. The District Plan’s rules regarding development and subdivision provide controls that will enable a sensitive response to this character.

Where these rules provide for an element of discretion through the ability of Council to impose conditions, this guide provides further description and amplification of the area’s particular character. This will assist with consistent interpretation and provide more certainty for future development. This guide responds to the broader scale urban design components of the Temple View Zone.

The Guide recognises Council’s commitment to the adoption of best practice urban design techniques as expressed in its urban design guide, Vista.

1.4.9.2 Background

​The Temple View area came into Hamilton City's jurisdiction in 2004 following a Local Government Boundary Adjustment process.  This area consisted of the narrow land connection between the Temple View settlement and Hamilton's boundary at Dinsdale to the east, through to Collins Road to the south where Collins and Tuhikaramea Roads intersect.  The majority of the former college campus was brought into Hamilton, with the exception of approximately 14 hectares containing the sports fields, tennis courts and maintenance areas that remained in Waipa District.  This was due to mesh block boundaries at that time. 

In 2014, following another Local Government Commission process initiated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints  Trust Board and supported by both Hamilton City Council and Waipa District Council, this remaining land area was amalgamated with Hamilton.​

The Temple View Zone identifies an area of Temple View which, through a combination of layout, building scale and materiality, colour, landscape treatment and maintenance, has a distinctive character. Much of this character is derived from the cultural influence of the Hamilton New Zealand Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Temple) and the former Associated Church College of New Zealand (CCNZ) Campus, reflecting the combination of planned and opportune incremental development that occurred over the initial construction period throughout the 1950s and 1960s.

This process involved the construction of a range of buildings, some specifically for or in support of the former CCNZ, while others formed part of the construction industry which developed on site during this period. These often simple structures, provided both masonry product and processed timber to the former CCNZ site and wider afield to support the building of chapels in other parts of New Zealand. Over time, buildings were removed, re-purposed or modified, and others added as required. This resulted in a variety of building styles and forms that reflected the pragmatic and utilitarian requirements of the time. The continued management of the area by the Church, the application of a limited colour palette and the tended landscape provided a sense of consistency to what would otherwise have appeared markedly disparate elements.

At the closure of the CCNZ in 2009, many of the original structures, while appearing ostensibly sound, were over 50 years old and no longer met contemporary standards for building code compliance or structural integrity. With the closure, an opportunity to repurpose the former campus has provided for a mix of development to support the community. The application of this design guide, in combination with the restricted discretionary consent status for building demolition, will ensure that future development has reference to the original Temple View character.

Figure 1.4.9a: 2012 aerial photo showing the layout of the CCNZ campus prior to the site redevelopment


 

Figure 1.4.9b: 2012 photograph showing the former CCNZ campus above Tuhikaramea Road and the original teacher housing that lay immediately on either side of Tuhikaramea Road

Figure 1.4.9c: 2012 photograph showing the former CCNZ campus below Tuhikaramea Road and the original teacher housing ​that lay immediately on either side of Tuhikaramea Road

The Temple View Zone encompasses a broad area that includes the Temple and its immediate environs, the former CCNZ Campus, and the former Teacher Housing that lay on either side of Tuhikaramea Road. This Zone includes 6 heritage scheduled buildings, 3 stands of trees and 1 individual specimen tree that are protected through this Plan. (See Appendix 8 and 9.)

Figure 1.4.9d: 2012 photograph showing the Temple, former CCNZ Campus to the right of Tuhikaramea Road and the original Teacher Housing that lay on either side of Tuhikaramea Road, with residential development to the west

Figure 1.4.9e: 2012 photograph showing the Temple 

The Temple View Zone has been divided into two distinct areas: the Temple View Heritage Area, including the Temple and its immediate surrounds (identified as Precinct 5); and the Temple View Character Area, including the former CCNZ buildings, open space areas, the residential development aligning Tuhikaramea Road and the area south of the Temple (identified as Precincts 1, 2, 3, & 4).

As the Temple View Character Area is more diverse in character and has a greater scope for development opportunities, it has been divided into four areas: Precinct 1 being the elevated land and sports field to the north, Precinct 2 being the flatter land to the south, Precinct 3 being the former sports fields, tennis courts and maintenance sheds, and Precinct 4 to the south of the Temple containing existing living and visitor accommodation.

Figure 1.4.9f: Temple View Precincts


1.4.9.3 How to Use the Guide

Development of the precincts within the Temple View Zone will give form to the intended development and identity at a broad scale to the nature of the intended activities, their distribution and how they relate with the surrounding existing and proposed activities. 

Development in the Temple View Character Area should reflect the activitiy mix for the four precincts. Similarly development within the Temple View Heritage Area should reflect the activity mix within Precinct 5.

The design guidance below is split between the general design guidance that applies in the development of each precinct as well as identifying the locational specific design guidance for each.

1.4.9.4 Design Guidance

1.4.9.4.1 General Design Guidance

An application for an activity or activities within a Precinct will need to address how the following outcomes will be achieved:

a. How the overall design of the

​ Precinct achieves the intended aesthetic and architectural coherence and is of a design, scale, form and character appropriate to its Precinct location.

b. How the arrangement of buildings, car parking, service areas and open spaces including provision for vehicular, cycle and pedestrian circulation will:

i. Be safe and convenient and achieve high standards of amenity
ii. Be functionally linked with and physically connected by walkways/cycleways to areas of open space within the Precinct
iii. Will enable safe pedestrian and cycle linkages to be created to the existing Temple View community
iv. Be aesthetically coherent and reinforce good urban design, particularly the orientation of buildings to outdoor public spaces, roads and utilising a variety of architectural elements consistent with the Temple View character.
v. Give consideration to the identified heritage values of items listed within the District Plan.

c. How the design and layout of roads will:

i. Ensure appropriate connections to existing and future roads
ii. Respond to the sites existing landform, vegetation, views, water courses (for the purposes of stormwater runoff) and areas of public open space
iii. Accommodate safe traffic speeds and sightlines for all road users (pedestrians, cyclists and motorists)
iv. Provide sufficient width to safely accommodate all road users, parking, footpaths, cycle ways, amenity landscaping and compliance with Council’s Infrastructure Technical Specifications
v. Promote a consistent design theme to achieve high amenity values
vi. Have regard to the future design relationship between the road, adjoining land and adjacent precincts.

d. How the location and size of future development sites have been identified in a manner that:

i. Responds to the context within which the development site is to be located, including roads, open space, pedestrian linkages, views and natural features
ii. Where they are for residential housing, is appropriate to the type and form of housing (medium density or high density) they will contain
iii. Has regard to the relationship with existing grain and scale of developed areas:
iv. Gives consideration to the size, shape and aspect of the land, and its suitability for future development
v. Integrates the development of sites within the relevant Precinct as a whole.

1.4.9.4.2 Local Character Specific Design Guidance

In order to evaluate the appropriateness of any development within a Precinct an understanding of the character of the area is required. Much of the character of the Temple View Zone is derived from the cultural influence of the Temple and the associated former CCNZ campus and the evolution of this area with a variable building vernacular since the 1950s. In 2012, these characteristics provided a collective character that gave the Temple View Zone a superficial consistency of appearance which allowed the diverse components to be perceived as a whole. This has been used as the basies of determining the four sections which contributed significantly to the character of the area (refer to Figure 1.4.9g):

1. The Tuhikaramea Road Corridor
2. The former Teacher Housing adjacent to the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor 
3. The former Church College Campus
4. The Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Each of these sections contains elements which mark it as distinct from the others and warrant specific consideration. The following sections outline the specific elements or combination of elements that contributed to this character and offer suggestions as to how future development can respond and maintain that character.

Figure 1.4.9g: Temple View Local Character Areas​

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1. The Tuhikaramea Road Corridor

The original character of the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor was informed by the degree of consistency and repetition of the elements within a linear corridor when compared to a typical residential street. Although these elements were somewhat variable, typically the road corridor was defined by delineating elements such as a low masonry curtilage wall of uniform cream colour, metal balustrade atop a retaining wall or round timber bollards. These delineating elements typically contain some permutation of the simple combination of footpath, lawn, street trees and the road carriage way of Tuhikaramea Road.

At the northern entrance to Temple View, the sweeping driveway into the former CCNZ created an atypical entrance node with a broad swath of grass separating the development from the road corridor. This then returned to the more typical configuration of street trees, grass and footpath. The absence of a delineating element, combined with the curvature of the roadway, presented a less defined edge to the corridor. As a result a more expansive experience was obtained with the character being augmented by more lawn, palm trees built form (the former privacy wall and covered walkway).

The original stature of street trees and extent of their canopy, when viewed from along the road alignment, formed an unbroken visual element, which reinforced the corridor experience. Elements to either side were partially visible beneath or above the canopy, but only readily seen when viewed perpendicular to the alignment of the street trees.

These are the characteristics that are to form the basies of all future developments. 

Design Guidance:

  • Where a low curtilage wall is proposed, it shall be similar to the original masonry materiality of Temple View and the standard tree and pathway berm configurations utilised along Tuhikaramea Road, especially within the former Teacher Housing Character Area.

  • Where no curtilage wall is proposed, the standard berm configuration of trees, pathway and grass berm should be maintained where practical.

  • Where no curtilage walls are utilised, any delineating elements, such as courtyard and walkway walls should allow visibility into and from the street. Where the delineating element is a building that building should address the street.

  • Alternate design configurations may be considered where they maintain or enhance the spatial and visual integrity of the road corridor as it was in 2012 and provide best practice urban design solutions.

  • The road alignment is to be maintained where possible so as to maintain the integrity of the visual corridor. Where, according to roading design best practice, improvements (such as roundabouts or traffic islands for traffic calming) are required, vertical deviations are preferred over horizontal deviations and any deviations should be contained as much as practicable within the existing road corridor.

  • Encourage arrival features and/or gateway markers at key locations within the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor.

Figure 1.4.9h: 2012 photograph showing the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor

Figure 1.4.9i: 2012 photograph showing the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor 

2. Former Teacher Housing Corridor on Tuhikaramea Road

The character of the former Teacher Housing  closely associated with the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor was informed by a level of spatial consistency and repetition of residential scale architecture, materiality and colour. In addition to a consistent architectural vernacular, albeit with a degree of variation in architectural form, the former Teacher Housing  layout provided a regular manner relative to their setback from the Tuhikaramea Road corridor and their spacing in between.

The buildings were relatively modest in size being mainly one storey, some with basements, but varying in configuration with both single dwelling and duplex configurations. The buildings were oriented toward the Tuhikaramea Road Corridor with modest gates and simple direct pathways leading from the street to the houses.

While pedestrian access was afforded from Tuhikaramea Road, no parking was available on Tuhikaramea Road; garages and vehicular access were obtained only from the rear of these properties. Demarcation between individual properties was very limited and for the most part achieved through soft landscaping of a residential character.

The former Teacher Housing Character Corridor contains one building listed as a Heritage Item under this Plan, being the First House /George Biesinger House (H133). 

Design Guidance

  • Development within this area should respond with appropriate scale and setback, in a similar manner to the former residential setback alignment. The development should address Tuhikaramea Road, where practical and contiguous grades allow, and present an attractive frontage for passers-by. It should also offer an appropriate response to any adjoining open space.

  • Consideration should be given to strategies to reduce or ameliorate the discontiguous grades.

  • Where discontiguous grades prevent a direct visual connection with the street, alternative configurations which provide attractive street frontage treatments consistent with good urban design may be considered.

  • Consideration should be given to alternative dwelling orientations which respond to the wider area and may result in a better urban design outcome for the overall development.

  • Vehicle parking should be provided on Tuhikaramea Road.

  • Pedestrian access should be provided from Tuhikaramea Road, with garages and vehicular access provided at the rear of the development.

  • In addition to the above, development along the western side of Tuhikaramea Road should respond to the residential scale and grain of development to which it is immediately adjacent.

  • Materials and colour should be compatible with the Temple View Character area.

  • Development should respond to existing heritage buildings and consider scale, materials and contextual cues.

Figure 1.4.9j: 2012 photograph showing the typology of the original Teacher Housing on Tuhikaramea Road

Figure 1.4.9k: 2012 photograph showing the typology of the original Teacher Housing on Tuhikaramea Road 

3. The Former Church College of New Zealand Campus

The character of the former CCNZ Campus was informed by the distribution of built form over elevated topography within the wider park-like campus. The buildings were generally of similar institutional scale, one to two storey rectilinear form of a variety of construction materials. The majority of the built form reflected the combination of planned and opportune incremental development that occurred during the construction period (which spanned the 1950s till the late 1970s). This process involved the construction of a range of buildings, some specifically for or in support of the former CCNZ, while others formed part of a construction industry which developed on site during the initial construction period. Over time some of these buildings were removed, others re-purposed or modified, a​nd others added. The application of a limited colour palette and tended landscape, provided a sense of consistency to disparate structures which might otherwise have appeared markedly different.

The distribution of the former CCNZ buildings followed either Tuhikaramea Road or the elevated terrace overlooking the campus sport fields, with the orientation of the buildings predominately to the north. Only the Matthew Cowley Administration building (now demolished) ​and the repurposed Wendell B Mendenhall Library  addressed Tuhikaramea Road. These buildings and the now demolished privacy wall and covered walkway, when viewed from Tuhikaramea Road, conveyed the character of an institutional but introverted development.

When approaching Temple View from the north, the former CCNZ campus appeared as a cluster of large buildings that dominated the ridgeline with groups of specimen trees in the fore ground. The largest of these buildings was the now demolished David O McKay building. This building was flanked by an ordered array of similar coloured single and double-storeyed buildings. Although the buildings addressed the open space, with the playing field in the foreground providing a balance to the bulk of the buildings, the elevated position, limited windows and the expanse of surrounding open space conveyed a sense of introversion.

During the life of the former CCNZ Campus there was a consistent quality of maintenance of the surrounding landscape, with tidy groomed planting and specimen trees and stands of trees contained within a wider matrix of manicured lawn. In combination, the application of a limited colour palette and tended landscape provided a sense of coherence to the disparate structures. Overall the former CCNZ campus conveyed a coherent albeit introverted character in spite of the differences in architectural form.

The Character Area contains 5 buildings listed as a Heritage Item under this Plan, being the GRB Building (H107), The Wendell B Mendenhall Library (H109), Kai Hall (H134), the Block Plant (H135) and the First House (H133). These buildings are valued because of their association with the former CCNZ and the missionaries involved in their construction. (See Appendix 8.)

This area also contains three stands of significant trees, which extends into the Heritage Area (being T62, T63 and part of T64). These stands are predominantly Kahikatea with some Titoki. These trees are scheduled under this Plan (see Appendix 9).

Design Guidance:

  • Development within this area should contain either larger scale elements or clusters of buildings particularly along the northern ridgeline and Tuhikaramea Road frontages.

  • Developments within this area should address the street by providing an active edge and “eyes on the street” with an attractive frontage for passers-by. This should be particularly emphasised for development on Tuhikaramea Road frontages.

  • Garages and parking should be located such that they do not dominate the street frontage.

  • Development should offer an appropriate response to any adjoining open space.

  • Development should respond to existing heritage buildings and consider scale, materials and contextual cues.

Figure 1.4.9l: 2012 photograph showing the former Church College of New Zealand campus

Figure 1.4.9m: 2012 photograph showing the former Church College of New Zealand campus ​

4. The Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Hamilton New Zealand Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (H108) is listed as a Heritage Item under this Plan. This building has not been ranked by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga but is valued because of its historic, cultural and architectural qualities.

The heritage values of this area are derived from the combination of the built and landscaped environment immediately surrounding the Temple, and the significant role the church has played in the physical, spiritual and social development of the local community and further afield. The Temple itself was the first in the southern hemisphere and is the focal point of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in New Zealand.

The siting, design and landscape treatment of the Temple emphasise the vertical proportions of the building and create an impression of a monument. Other buildings within the area include the Visitors Centre, which has a strong visual relationship with the north elevation of the Temple and the central parking area, the Temple President's House which is visually connected by the walled car parking area to the south of the Temple, and the dormitory accommodation on the eastern side. Much of the character of this area is due to the relative absence of other buildings particularly when viewed from Tuhikaramea Road. Consequently, landscaping and the tree planting emphasise the dramatic and dominant position of the Temple in the local landscape. This tree planting includes trees that mark periods of occupation and development of the site by the Church.

This area contains part of a stand of significant trees, predominantly Kahikatea with some Titoki, which extend from the former CCNZ Character Area (being part of T64). In addition it contains one Bunya-bunya tree (T65). These trees are scheduled under this Plan as significant.

Design Guidance:

  • Development shall maintain the primacy of the Temple as the key focus of the area.

  • Existing view shafts to the Temple shall be maintained with respect to siting of buildings and landscape elements. Consideration may be given to developments and landscape elements within these view shafts which improve the overall amenity of the area with respect to the Temple setting.

  • Any development should consider and relate to the grain and distribution of development within the immediate area.  
  • Development should respond to existing heritage building and consider the scale, materials and contextual cues presented by this building.

Figure 1.4.9n: 2012 photographs showing t​he Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

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Page reviewed: 15 Oct 2019 6:22pm