4.1 Purpose

​​This section is subject to the following plan change- Proposed Plan Change 6- Regulatory Efficiency and Effectiveness Plan Change

​​​​​​​​a)​The Reside​ntial Zones assist in creating a compact City. The Central City Zone also contributes significantly to the r​esidential strategy by pro​​viding opportunities for higher-density living in the Central City (see Chapter 7: Central City Zone).​
b)​ The City has a finite amount of residential land. To accommodate more people, Council needs to develop the l​and it has more efficiently. The key is to provide a range of section sizes and household choices, including smaller sections and more compact living environments (such as townhouses and apartments), as well as the traditional larger lots with backyards.​
c)​ This District Plan provides for four Residential Zones (shown on the Planning Maps) that promote opportunities for different dwelling densities.​
i.​ General Residential Zone.​
ii.​ Residential Intensification Zone.​
iii.​ Medium-Density Residential Zone.​
iv.​ Large Lot Residential Zone.​
d)​ The provisions of this chapter are designed to assist in meeting the density targets of the Regional Policy Statement. ​
e)​ The District Plan also provides for special character residential areas in Chapter 5: Special Character Zones. ​

4.1.1 General Residential Zone

a) The General Residential Zone provides for most of the traditional housing areas. The zone includes established residential suburbs and some greenfield areas. ​
b)​ This zone is intended to be primarily for residential buildings and activities. ​
c)​ The building form is likely to be low (one or two-storey) single dwellings with a high ratio of on-site open space to building. There is an expectation of a high level of private, on-site amenity. Duplex dwellings are a higher density form of development but are acceptable so long as they maintain a sense of open space and private, on-site amenity. ​
d) Larger sites will be able to accommodate an ancillary, self-contained residential unit.​

4.1.2 Residential Intensification Zone

a) The Residential Intensification Zone is applied to existing residential areas that have been identified as suitable to accommodate higher density development. The intent is to encourage site redevelopment, primarily for multi-level and attached housing. These are expected to deliver good urban design outcomes​.​
b) The form of housing is likely to be apartments and town houses. ​
c)​ The Residential Intensification Zone has a Visitor Facilities Area (which can be found on the Planning Map 36B) which recognises the existing visitor accommodation around Ulster Street. This area includes the sites fronting Ulster Street, from Mill Street to Beetham Park and provides for a high-density mix of visitor and permanent residential accommodation in the form of multi-unit and apartment developments. Ancillary activities often accompany visitor accommodation, such as conference facilities and restaurants. ​
d)​ The Residential Intensification Zone in Hamilton East (which can be found on the Planning Maps 45B and 46B) has special rules that recognise and protect elements of the streetscape, including site coverage, building height and wall length. In this area, the focus is on the protection of amenity values – the strong ‘green’ backdrop – rather than the character of the existing buildings. This area is defined by that part of the Residential Intensification Zone:​
i.​ South of Te Aroha Street​, and
ii.​ West of Peachgrove Road​, and
iii.​ North of Albert Street​, and
iv.​ East of Memorial Drive to Anzac Parade then east of the Waikato River.​

4.1.3 Medium-Density Residential Zone

a) The Medium-Density Residential Zone applies to identified greenfield areas within the Rototuna, Rotokauri, Ruakura and Te Awa Lakes Structure Plan areas. This zone recognises that medium-density housing is more easily achieved when it is comprehensively planned from the start, rather than being retrofitted into an existing urban environment.​ ​​
b)​ A Comprehensive Development Plan or Land Developme​nt Consent for Ruakura and Te Awa Lakes must be approved before development in this zone. These plans need to be in general accordance with the relevant Structure Plan and Urban Design Guide.​

4.1.4 Large Lot Residential Zone​

a) The Large Lot Residential Zone recognises that there are certain locations where a lower density is required to manage the effects of residential development in a sustainable manner. The Large Lot Residential Zone is similar in most respects to the General Residential Zone, with the obvious difference being the size of allotments within the Large Lot Residential Zone. The locations and rationale for this zone in these locations are outlined below.​
Ruakura Structure Plan area (SH26)

This location is not serviced and is already characterised by a range of large lot residential and non-residential uses.​​

Ruakura Structure Plan area (Percival/Ryburn Roads)

The area bounded by Percival, and Ryburn Roads, the designation for the Waikato Expressway, the East Coast Main Trunk railway (ECMT) and the approved inland port (Logistics Zone, Sub–Area A – see Figure 2-14 Ruakura Structure Plan – Land use (Appendix2)) is characterised by a range of large lot residential uses and some rural activities. This area is not serviced and is not intended to be serviced.

This area is planned in the Ruakura Structure Plan area to transition to the Ruakura Logistics Zone in future district plans. To protect amenity a buffer will be necessary at the interface between the land intended to support the expansion of the inland port and future development in the Industrial Park Zone and the residential area.  Interface design control measures are therefore adopted to assist in the protection of the residential amenity resulting from the development of the inland port and related activities adjacent to the enclave.  The buffer measures are to be detailed in the relevant Land Development Plan and implemented prior to the land being developed. For the avoidance of doubt, the required vegetation is to have been planted prior to development and have established heights and densities.  

The conversion of the rural residential area to a Logistics zoning will require a change or variation to be made to the District Plan when there is sufficient information and certainty about the timing and need for the ‘new’ zoning. This is consistent with the staged industrial land allocation provided in the Regional Policy Statement.​​

4.1.5 All Residential Zones

a) Design and layout of residential sites and buildings are critically important. All residential development must address potential adverse env​​ir​onmental effects and ensure a quality urban environment is achieved through high quality urban design.​
b)​ Good standards of amenity create a pleasant and attractive living environment, and in doing so contribute to wider neighbourhood amenity. Residential amenity means the many qualities and attributes that allow people to enjoy living where they do – such as visual attributes, sunlight, good access, low noise levels and safety.​
c)​ All Residential Zones are intended to be primarily for residential purposes and other activities need to maintain residential character and amenity.​
d)​ In addition to residential activities, some small-scale non-residential activities, such as home-based business and home stays, are appropriate in residential areas. A limited range of non-residential activities that support communities, such as schools and health centres, can potentially establish within the zones. However, this is subject to their compatibility with the existing and anticipated residential character and amenity.​


Page reviewed: 01 Oct 2020 3:13pm