5.1 Purpose

​​​​​​​​​​​a) There are areas of Hamilton City that are recognised as having a distinctive and special character. Character is influenced by the natural and built environment, architectural styles, the layout of streets and residential lots (and their size), land use, the trees, fences, landscaped areas and open space and the heritage and cultural values. Both public and private spaces contribute to defining the character of an area. The unique character or values of these areas can be compromised by site redevelopment, infill development, demolitio​n of character homes, additions and alterations of existing buildings and the design and location of structures such as fences, if these have little regard to the area’s dominant character. ​
b)​ The intention of the Special Character Zones is to protect, maintain and enhance the respective ‘special’ characteristics of those areas. Five special zones are provided in this District Plan:​
i.​ Special Residential Zone.​
ii.​ Special Heritage Zone.​
iii.​ Special Natural Zone.​
iv.​ Temple View Zone.​
v.​ Peacocke Character Zone.​
​vi.​Rototuna North East Character Zone.
c)​ Design and layout of residential sites and buildings are critically important. All residential development must address potential adverse environmental effects and ensure a good quality urban environment is achieved through urban design​
d)​ Good standards of amenity create a pleasant and attractive living environment, and in doing so contribute to wider neighbourhood amenity. Residential amenity means the many qualities and attributes that allow people to enjoy living where they do – such as visual attributes, sunlight, good access, low noise levels and safety.​
e)​ Special Character Zones other than the Temple View Zone are intended to be primarily for residential purposes and any other activities need to maintain residential character and amenity. In particular, the character and amenity of established residential areas need to be, where possible, enhanced by both public and private development.​
f)​ In addition to residential activities, some small-scale non-residential activities, such as home-based business and home stays, are appropriate in residential areas. A limited range of non-residential activities that support communities, such as schools and health centres, can potentially establish within the zones. A suburban centre is also provided for within the Peacocke Character Zone to serve the local community. However, non-residential activities are subject to several considerations, particularly their compatibility with the existing and anticipated residential character and amenity of the residential area.​
​g)​Special Character Zone, Temple View Zone is intended to provide for the repurposing of the identified area that places a strong focus on the area's character and historic heritage while enabling a mix of residential and non-residential activities that do not compromise the characteristics of the area.

5.1.1 Special Residential Zone

a)​ The Special Reside​ntial Zone comprises:​
i.​ Claudelands West​
ii.​ Hamilton East​
iii.​ The Dwelling Control Area​ Claudelands West

a) Claudelands West comprises that part of the Special Residential Zone:​
i.​ South of Boundary Road​
ii.​ West of Heaphy Terrace​
iii.​ North of Te Aroha Street​
iv.​ East of the Waikato River​
b)​ Claudelands West ​derives its character largely from period housing providing links with the City’s early settlement, including bungalows, Arts and Crafts houses and villas. The area also contains the 'sausage style' apartment blocks that dominated infilling in the 1960s-70s and detached second infill development units; commercial activities that support the area are located on the fringe of the area. Overall the area is characterised by its predominately low-density development. Areas of mature vegetation (including street trees) and front yard gardens are also a significant element.​
c)​ The character of Claudelands West can be maintained in several ways. The low-density housing pattern is an important element, as is ensuring that any new buildings are compatible with houses constructed before 1939. This means height, scale and bulk similar to the existing built form. The front yard and the streetscape are important and can be maintained by buildings set back from the road and low front fences. This ensures that the building line is preserved and there are opportunities for front-yard gardens and tree planting. ​ Hamilton East

a) Hamilton East comprises that part of the Special Residential Zone:
i.​ South of Te Aroha Street
ii.​ West of Dey Street
iii.​ North of Cobham Drive
iv.​ East of the Waikato River
b)​ Hamilton East is th​e City’s oldest suburb. The original framework of streets laid out on a grid pattern in the 1860s provided the basis for early subdivision into uniform 1-acre lots. The area continued to develop over successive generations and now contains a variety of building styles. The wider neighbourhood has retained the original, regular configuration of allotments.
c)​ Sites typically have generous front and side yard setbacks resulting in relatively low building coverage. The variety of building styles, predominantly single-storeyed, avoids a uniform or regimented appearance but the unifying feature is large setbacks from a heavily vegetated streetscape and from each other. There are similarities with siting, scale, height, building design and orientation, and vegetation. Garages and accessory buildings are generally located to the rear of a site, maintaining a strong relationship between the dwelling and the street.
d)​ There is significant planting within private properties and major reserves such as Steele Park and Galloway Park. One of the defining features of Hamilton East is the extensive mature trees and planted berms.​
e)​ It is not intended that the elements that contribute to the character and amenity values of the neighbourhood be ‘frozen in time’ and that new development mimic existing building styles. What is intended is that development as a whole is sympathetic to, and respects, the neighbourhood’s special qualities.​
f)​ While some dwellings are identified and protected for their heritage values, those pre-dating 1940 contribute to the local character without necessarily being of heritage value individually. ​ The Dwelling Control Area

a)​ The Dwelling Control Area is defined in the Planning Maps (also refer to Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-1).​
b)​ The Dwelling Control Area is an area where specific ‘character homes’, generally pre-1940 dwellings, make a significant contribution to the character and amenity values of the area. ​
c)​ These pre-1940 dwellings are concentrated in the blocks that surround the Hamilton East part of the Residential Intensification Zone (refer to Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-1) and the streets immediately south of Te Aroha Street. Demolition and removal of thes​​e dwellings needs to be controlled as they make a significant contribution to the character of these streets and the wider neighbourhood and help to retain a sense of history. ​
d)​ The ‘Soldiers’ Cottages’ situated on Cook Street are Californian bungalow-style properties constructed between 1922 and 1935 (Art Deco). This enclave of five properties is unusual, even within Hamilton East, although their value is due to local interest rather than historic heritage value. The building style is similar to other examples in Hamilton East but the section sizes and setbacks are smaller which results in a more intimate relationship between buildings and the street. Although some have been substantially modified over the years, they still retain a strong element of visual and architectural unity. ​

5.1.2 Special Heritage Zone

a)​ The Special Heritage Zone has been identified for heritage values derived from a combination of a number of built elements (rather than individual items) and the spatial pattern between them. ​
b) The Special Heritage Zone comprises:​
i.​ Fr​ankton Railway Village​
ii.​ Hayes Paddock​
iii. Hamilton East Villas​ Frankton Railway Village

a) Frankton Railway Village, as shown in Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-4, comprises that part of the Special Heritage Zone:​
i.​ South of Lincoln Street​
ii.​ North of Massey Street​
iii.​ East of Rifle Range Road​
b)​ It is one of the last and largest remaining railway settlements in the country and is considered nationally significant. It represents a historical reminder of one of the busiest railway junctions in New Zealand. The area has been identified as worthy of protection for the following heritage characteristics:​
i.​ It provides a relatively unmodified example of a planned railway settlement, representing design elements of the ‘garden suburb’ movement, fashionable at that time (with the hall and central open space for workers).​​
ii.​ It contains a number of different design variations on the railway house, which is a basic villa design, with front porch, horizontal weather boarding, and galvanised corrugated iron roofing.​
iii.​ It comprises predominately separate, single-storey residential dwellings.​
iv.​ It has consistent building setback from the street frontage with houses orientated to the street.​ Hayes Paddock

a) Hayes Paddock, as shown in Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-2, comprises that part of the Special Heritage Zone:​
i.​ West of MacFarlane Street​
ii.​ East of the Waikato River​
b)​ Hayes Paddock is a surviving example of a former state housing area, designed and built by the first Labour Government from ​the late 1930s following the design principles of the ‘garden suburb’ movement. The layout of the neighbourhood and design of individual houses reflected the economic circumstances and social ideals of the time in terms of the provision of high-quality worker housing. The area has been identified as being worthy of protection for the following heritage characteristics:​
i.​ It provides a relatively intact example of a planned state housing neighbourhood, providing high-quality worker housing constructed before 1945 and following contemporary design elements of the ‘garden suburb’ movement.​
ii.​ Dwellings exhibit a wide variety of design detailing but retain a high degree of visual unity through common use of a limited palette of materials and colours.​
iii.​ Dwellings are typically, but not exclusively, single-storey with solid hipped and tiled roofing.​
iv.​ The relatively narrow curving street pattern with berms and street trees discourages through traffic and reinforces a distinct residential character.​
v.​ Services, including electricity supply and telephone lines are underground.​
vi.​ Walkways provide connectivity between streets and the recreational reserve areas.​
vii.​ The location of the existing cafe and access to the riverside reserve at Jellicoe Drive and Plunkett Terrace reflects the historical focal point of the area, being the location of the original shop units.​
viii. The area still displays the original characteristic setback and separation between dwellings.​
ix.​ The design concept that the street scene, comprising the road, berms, gardens and dwellings, should be viewed as a whole is still clearly evident.​
x.​ Section sizes are typically about 600m2 creating a distinctly low-density residential character.​ Hamilton East Villas

a) Hamilton East villas are located in that part of the Special Heritage Zone:​
i.​ South of Albert Street​
ii.​ West of Nixon Street​
iii.​ North of Naylor Street​
iv.​ East of Grey Street​
And are shown in Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-3.​
b) The area has a high concentration of villa-style houses and has historical significance as it reflects the popularity of the villa throughout Hamilton East in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods. The dates of the villas in the area are between 1891 and 1916. The area has been identified as worthy of protection for the following heritage characteristics:​
i.​ Consistency with the villa style, including a main gable facing the street, with ornate decoration in and/or supporting the gable, under eaves and on verandas.​
ii.​ Main ent​rance facing the street with front bay or gable.​
iii.​ Buildings are predominately single storey.​
iv.​ Consistent building setback from the street frontage with houses orientated to the street.​
v.​ Buildings are constructed with a timber frame, weatherboards and joinery with predominately corrugated iron roofs​
vi.​ Most buildings have double-hung sash windows.​
vii.​ Most buildings have bays or double bays.​
viii. Most villas have verandas. ​

5.1.3 Special Natural Zone

a)​ The Special Natural Zone identifies those areas of the City where a combination of natural, cultural and recreational values are of such significance to warrant the imposition of specific controls on development to protect, mainta​in and, where possible, enhance the special natural values of the area.  ​
b) The Special Natural Zone comprises:
i.​ Lake Waiwhakareke Landscape Character Area
ii. Rotokauri Ridgeline Area Lake Waiwhakareke Landscape Character Area

a) The Lake Waiwhakareke Landscape Character Area comprises that part of the Special Natural Zone:
i.​ South of Rotokauri Road
ii.​ North of ​Baverstock Road
iii.​ East of Brymer Road
b)​ It derives its character from a combination of elements – its topography, the Lake Waiwhakareke Natural Heritage Park and the natural, cultural and recreational values of the area. The significance of these character elements warrants the imposition of specific controls on residential development in order to create, maintain and enhance the character of this area. The zone aims to create a residential area that is distinctive and responds to Lake Waiwhakareke Landscape Character Area. Rotokauri Ridgeline Character Area

a) The Ridgeline Character Area comprises that part of the Special Natural Zone:
i.​ North of Rotokauri Road
ii.​ East of Lee Road and Exelby Road
b)​ It identifies a locally significant landscape feature in the western hills of Rotokauri. The area warrants special landscape management and planning provisions to retain the legibility of the ridgelines and achieve a form and density of development that enables a sense of the underlying landform to be retained. The Ridgeline Charac​​ter Area comprises a primary ridgeline that runs from north to south and follows the alignment of Exelby Road; and ridgelines (or spurs) aligned in a generally east-west direction.
c)​ The Ridgeline Character Area is made up of a number of key visual and physical characteristics, the pattern of which create a backdrop to the western edge of the City.​

5.1.4 Temple View Zone

a)​ The Zone identifies th​ose areas of Temple View which, through a combination of built and landscaped features deriving significant influence from the facilities built by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, has produced a distinctive character. The zone comprises two broad areas consisting of 5 precincts:​
i.​ Temple View Heritage Area​
ii. Temple View Character Area​ Temple View Heritage Area

a) The Heritage Area is defined on Planning Map 60B. ​It consists of one precinct (‘Heritage Area’) only, identified in Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-5 as Precinct 5.​
b)​ The heritage values of this area are derived from the combination of the built and landscaped environment immediately surrounding the Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Temple itself was the first in the Southern Hemisphere and is the focal point of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in New Zealand. ​​​
c)​ The siting, design and landscape treatment of the Temple emphasise the vertical proportions of the building and create an impression of a monument. Other buildings within the Heritage Area​ include the ​Visitor Centre, which has a strong visual relationship with the north elevation of the Temple, and other elements such as dormitory accommodation on the eastern side, the central parking area and the Temple President’s house, which is visually connected by the walled car parking area to the south of the Temple. Landscaping and tree planting emphasises the dramatic and dominant position of the Temple in the local landscape and also includes trees that mark periods of occupation before development of the site by the Church.​
d)​ The Heritage Area is contiguous with the Character Areas, in which buildings were built with the same locally manufactured concrete blocks by the same missionary programme and retains a strong visual relationship with this area, particularly through the continuous curtilage walling adjacent the road frontage. Some of the features within the Heritage Area are separately identified and protected through specific rules, recognising the group value of these features within their wider site context. ​
​e)​The Heritage Area provisions anticipate a range of activities that are compatible with and will enhance the purpose and nature of the Heritage Area. ​ Temple View Character Area

a) The Temple View Character Area is defined in the Planning Maps (see Maps 51B and 60B), and is divided into four precincts (1-4) identified in Volume 2, Appendix 4, Figure 4-5.​
b)​ As a result of site planning, development and subsequent management by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the area contains elements of the built and landscaped environment which have combined to produce a distinctive character. ​
c)​ The provisions in the Character Area have been designed to enable a range of different activities within each precinct.  The intention of the specific mix is to enhance and complement the adjacent Heritage Area while retaining the distinctive features of the Temple View Character Area. The four precincts have either a residential and commercial, or a residential and community focus
d)​ The Character Area straddles Tuhikaramea Road and includes a number of Heritage Items and Significant Trees that are individually protected through District Plan provisions, but the Character Area values extend beyond these individual items. The character of the area originates from the widespread use of certain key elements such as colour, materials, landscape treatment, consistency of building form and design, and internal roading.​
e)​ Through features such as siting, design, and proportions there is considerable cohesiveness between different areas of activity. This cohesiveness is carried through into the treatment of buildings, boundary walls, landscaping and roadways within the adjoining Heritage Area. ​
f)​ The built form within the former teacher housing corridor on either side of Tuhikaramea Road creates a distinctive gateway approach to the Temple. The corridor displays a unique spatial pattern which is articulated through uniformity in the height, bulk, architecture, materials and vernacular style of its buildings and other structures. The spacing between buildings, set back from the road and open campus-style setting, all contribute to the character of the area. New development, which is compatible in scale, materials, form and design, and provides a similar spatial treatment, will enhance and maintain this special character.​
g)​ The distinctive values of the heritage buildings listed in the District Plan should be reflected in new development. ​​

5.1.5 Peacocke Character Zone

a) The Peacocke Character Zone identifies the unique natural area within the Peacocke area that has strong landscape features. These include the Managakotukutuku Gully network, the Waikato River, and the strong natural topography found in the south of the area. The development of the Peacocke area needs to respond positively to these landscape features. The aim is to create an interesting and distinctive urban for​​m based on these natural areas. The Peacocke Character Zone comprises:
i.​ Terrace Area
ii.​ Gully Area
iii.​ Hill Area
b)​ The elements that make up the three areas have been identified in the Peacocke Structure Plan in Chapter 3. Along with setting out the components of the Structure Plan it provides a number of objectives that guide the development of the Peacocke area.

5.1.6 Rototuna North East Character Zone

a)The The Rototuna North East Character Zone identifies the natural rolling topography of the area north of the Waikato Expressway (Designation E90). The area visually links back into the City creating a backdrop to Rototuna and the City. It is also a distinctive edge of the City rising to the ridgeline that forms the City boundary with Waikato District Council as well as accommodating both Kay and Horsham Downs Roads. The development of this area needs to respond positively to the natural land form for the area and the Waikato Expressway. The aim is to create an interesting and distinctive urban form based on the strong natural form of the area while being fully incorporated into the overall context of the Rototuna area.
Page reviewed: 04 Sep 2020 2:49pm