6.4 Rules - General Standards

This section is subject to the following plan change- Proposed Plan Change 6- Regulatory Efficiency and Effectiveness Plan Change​

​​​​​​​6.4.1 Maximum Building Height

Business Zones
Height of buildings
a) Business 3, 4 (where adjoining Industrial Zone)
b) Busines​​s 1, 2, 4, 5, 7
c) Business 6
d) Elements such as flues, flagpoles, open balustrades and aerials shall be exempt from 6.4.1(a), (b) and (c) above

6.4.2 Height in Relation to Boundary

a) Where any boundary adjoins a Residential or Special Character Zone, no part of any building shall penetrate a height control plane rising a​t an angle of 45 degrees beginning at an elevation of 3m above the boundary.​
b) Elements such as flues, flagpoles, open balustrades and aerials shall be exempt from 6.4.2(a) above.​

Figure 6.4c: Height control plane for boundaries adjoining any residential or special character zone


6.4.3 Building Setbacks

​Front boundary
Minimum distance
a) All Business Zones
5m when fronting an arterial transport corridor
Rear and side boundaries
Minimum distance
b) Business 1, 2, 5, 7
5m where the boundary adjoins a Residential or Special Character Zone
c) Business 4
5m (except for any internal site boundary within the Business 4 Zone)
d) Business 6
1.5m where the boundary adjoins a Residential or Special Character Zone
​All boundaries​​​​​
​e) Te Awa Lakes Business 6 Zone​
All single dwellings and duplex dwellings, apartments, ancillary residential units and residential centres, including outdoor living areas associated with any of the foregoing, but excluding garages and storage sheds (which are not used as habitable rooms) associated with the foregoing, shall be set back at least 25m from the boundary of Hutchinson Road.

Non-compliance with this setback shall be a prohibited activity.
Building Setback from ​Minimum distance
f) Waikato Riverbank and Gully Hazard Area​6m (applies to buildings and swimming pools)

​​Note:  Refer to chapter 21 and 22 for objectives and policies relevant to the setback from the Waikato Riverbank and Gully Hazard Area.​

6.4.4 Building Intensity

a) The following m​​aximum building intensities (floor area ratios) shall apply.
Business Zones
Maximum ratio of floor area to net site area
i. Business Zones 1, 3, 5, 7
ii. Business Zones 2, 4, 6
b) In determining the floor-area ratio: ​
i.​ Floor space used for parking within Business Zones 3 and 5 shall be excluded when it does not increase the maximum permitted floor area by more than 50%. ​
ii.​ Underground parking is fully excluded.​

6.4.5 Service Areas

a) Any bui​​lding shall provide service areas as follows.​
i.​ At least one service area of not less than 10m2 or 1% of the gross floor area of the building, whichever is the greater.​
ii.​ Any additional service areas shall not:
  • Be less than 5m2
  • Have a minimum dimension of less than 2.5m​
iii.​ Any outdoor service area shall be maintained with an all-weather, dust-free surface.​
iv.​ A service area may be located within a building provided that it is separately partitioned with an exterior door directly accessible by service vehicles.​
v.​ Any service area shall not encroach on to areas required by this District Plan for other purposes (e.g. parking, loading, landscaping and screening).​

6.4.6 Outdoor Storage

a) Any ou​tdoor storage area used for the storage of goods or materials shall:​
i.​ Be laid out and used in a manner that does not conflict with vehicle access.​
ii.​ Be maintained with an all-weather, dust-free surface.​
iii.​ Be located away from public view or otherwise screened by fencing and landscaping.​
iv.​ Not encroach on areas required by this District Plan for other purposes (e.g. parking, loading, landscaping and screening).​

6.4.7 Residential Development

a)​​ On​ly one ancillary residential unit is allowed per site.​
b) Except for providing an entrance or when located on Lot 1 DPS 86312, Lot 1 DPS 1751 or Pt Lot 8 DP 1233,​ no residential activities shall be undertaken at ground-floor level.​
​c)​The following standards shall apply to residential units, including apartments above ground floor and residential centres. Unless specifically noted, they do not apply to visitor accommodation.
d)​Density (Minimum Number of Residential Units Required per Site)
​i.​Minimum densities within the Business Zones shall be 30 residential units per hectare based on net site area. 
This is to be calculated in accordance with the formula below:
0.003 residential units per 1m2 of site area

For a site which has an area of 4000m2, the minimum number of residential units required under this rule would be 12. This is calculated by multiplying the site area (4000m2) by 0.003.
​ii.​Where mixed-use is provided for within a development (e.g. office or retail with residential above), the density requirements of Rule 6.4.7 (d) i. shall be applied on a pro rata basis relative to the percentage of gross floor area of the development that is residential (e.g. where 40% of the gross floor area of a development is comprised of residential activities, then 40% of the total minimum number of residential units calculated under Rule 6.4.7(d)(i) is the minimum number of residential units required to be provided. 
​e)​ ​Outdoor Living Areas
​i.​Each residential unit, except for when a communal area is provided, ​shall be provided with an outdoor living area that is:
•  For the exclusive use of each residential unit.
•  Readily accessible from a living area inside the residential unit.
•  Free of driveways, manoeuvring areas, parking spaces, accessory buildings and service areas.
​​​ii.​C​ommunal open space for 4 or more residential units and apartment buildings shall comply with 6.4.7e)i., bullet points 3 and 4 as well as being:
•  For the shared use of all residents on the site, and
•  Readily accessible from all residential units on site.​

​iii.​Outdoor living areas for residential units shall have areas and dimensions as follows.
Residential units​Outdoor living area per residential unit​Shape
​Apartments and ancillary residential units   ​8m2​No dimension less than 1.5m
​Communal open space for apartment buildings8m2 per unit

Capable of containing a circle with the following diameter:
4-7 residential units – 6m
8 or more residential units – 8m
No dimension less than 2.5m​
1.  Communal open space is an alternative to, and not in addition to, individual outdoor living areas for each residential unit.
2.  The outdoor living area for an ancillary residential unit shall be separate from the outdoor living area provided for the principal residential unit.​ 
​f)​​Storage Areas

Each residential unit shall be provided with a storage area:

•  Located at or below ground-floor level, readily accessible to that residential unit, secure and weatherproof.
•  A minimum of 1.8m long by 1m high by 1m deep.

1. The provision of a private, secure garage accessible only by the occupiers of the residential unit is considered to meet this requirement. (A shared parking garage is not sufficient to meet this standard).
​g)​ ​Residential Unit Size
​i.​The minimum floor area required in respect of each apartment shall be:
Form of Residential Unit​Floor Area
​Studio unit​Minimum 35m2
​1 bedroom unit​Minimum 45m2
​2 bedroom unit ​Minimum 55m2
​3 or more bedroom unit ​Minimum 90m2
​ii.​In any one apartment building containing in excess of 20 residential units, the combined number of one-bedroom units and studio units shall not exceed 50% of the total number of residential units within the building.
h)Daylight Standards

Residential units shall be designed to achieve the following minimum daylight standards.
​i.​Living rooms and living/dining areas:  a total clear-glazed area of exterior wall no less than 20% of the floor area of that space.
​ii.​Bedrooms (excluding studio units, and any bedroom that complies with iii. below): a minimum of one bedroom with a total clear-glazed area of exterior wall no less than 20% of the floor area of that space.
​iii.​No more than one bedroom in any residential unit may rely on natural light borrowed from another naturally lit room provided:

•  The maximum distance of the bedroom from the natural light source window shall be 6m.
•  The minimum total clear-glazed area of the light source shall be no less than 20% of the floor area of that bedroom.
​i)​​External Outlook Area

Each residential unit shall have an external outlook area that:
​i.Is provided from the face of the building containing windows to the indoor living area, and 
​ii.​Has a minimum depth of 6m, measured perpendicular from the face of the window area.
iii.​​Where an​ indoor living area has two or more walls containing windows, the outlook area shall be provided from the face with the greatest window area.​
​iv. ​The external outlook area may be over:
a) The site on which the building is located;
b) The Transport Corridor Zone; or
c) Public Open Space.​

6.4.8 Active Frontages

a)​ No ro​​ller doors, or similar, which may obscure windows or entranceways may be installed on the front of any building fronting a public space within Business Zone 5 (Suburban Centre) and Business Zone 6 (Neighbourhood Centre). ​


1. For the purpose of clarification, security grilles which allow views between the street and premises are an acceptable means of compliance with this standard.

6.4.9 Provisions in Other Chapters

The provisions of the following chapters apply to activities within this chapter where relevant.

Page reviewed: 01 Oct 2020 3:14pm